SOLID HARDWOOD FLOORING
GENERAL INFORMATION - BATTEN SYSTEM FLOORS
Commercial / Residential
JUNCKERS BATTEN SYSTEM
Batten System Information
BEFORE AND DURING LAYING THE FLOOR
The building must be weather tight. The heating system must be installed and tested and during the heating season should be in operation. Cast concrete elements, screeding and other wet trades, which contribute moisture to the building, e.g. tiling, plastering and priming of paintwork, must also be completed.
The relative humidity in the building must be between 35-65% RH and the temperature approx. 20 C.
The residual moisture contained in the concrete or screed must not exceed 90% RH (UK: Concrete moisture max. 75% RH acc. to BS 8201, when checked by measurement).
In wooden based subfloors, as well as in battens, the moisture content should not exceed 12%.
Solid boards should always be laid immediately on their arrival at the building. The packing on the bundles must not be removed until just prior to laying the floor, i.e. no acclimatising of the boards on site must take place.
NB: Read these laying instructions carefully before laying begins.
In case of doubt please contact your Junckers distributor before installing the floor.
1. MOISTURE BARRIER
Minimum 0.20 mm polythene membrane is laid on all concrete or screeded bases.
Overlapping 200 mm at all joints. It must be placed under heating pipes and turned well up at walls, etc.
NB: If the residual moisture is above 75% RH, all overlaps must be taped using 50 mm wide tape.
2. LAYING OUT BATTENS
Battens must be dry, straight and without bowing or twisting. Battens must be spaced at correct intervals. The batten centres, B and C, are determined according to the use of the floor, the expected loads and type of floor (20.5 mm Plank or 22 mm 2-strip):
20.5 mm Planks: B = 500 and C = 400 mm.
22 mm 2-strip boards: B = 600 and C 500 mm.
Distance (D) from wall to first batten max. 80 mm.
Batten end joints must be staggered (A) minimum 600 mm from the neighbouring row and must only be in a line if well connected together. Distance from batten ends to walls must be minimum 10 mm.
In commercial buildings the batten centres must be reduced according to the stipulated load class, see C 1.0 - Load classes and C 1.2.1 – Table 3.
3. LAYING OUT BATTENS
If laying through doorways or similar always use at least 3 battens projecting through doorways.
Hot as well as cold water pipes must be insulated with minimum 20 mm insulation or similar
4. LEVELLING OF BATTENS
Battens are levelled to a flatness tolerance of 2 mm under a 1.5 m straight edge (UK: 3 mm under a 2 m straight edge). Centre distance between packing material according to batten dimensions and the use of the floor (4.1.). Use table 4.2 for residential areas and table 4.3 for commercial areas.
Centre distance (A) is used in middle batten areas and centre distance (B) at batten end joints, saw cuts and at batten ends. Batten end joints must be supported by unbroken packing material.
At walls, etc. the distance (C) from batten ends to the centre of the first packing must be maximum 80 mm.
5. PACKING MATERIAL
Packing material must be dimensionally stable. All packing materials must be securely fixed to the battens.
If a suitable fibreboard material is used for step sound reduction it must be glued under load distributing plywood packing. Nails for fixing of packing material must not reach down into the fibreboard or touch the concrete base.
At notches in battens, additional packing must be used as close as possible to each side of the cut.
6. LAYING OUT BOARDS
Lay the boards in a random joint pattern. Distribute the header joints as far apart as possible. However, the distance between board joints in two successive rows should be at least 250 mm. Stave joints in one row of boards should not be in line with stave joints in a neighbouring row, but must be spread as far as possible (min. 50 mm).
Expansion gaps to walls and fixed installations must be 1.5 mm per running metre of floor width on each side (A), and 1.0 mm per running metre of floor length at each end (B), all with a minimum size of 12 mm (UK: 15 mm).
Board end joints may occur in between battens but no more than for every third board.
Cut the last row of boards to form the correct size of expansion gaps at the wall (A).
For floors over 12 m wide it is recommended to start from the centre using a loose tongue to join the central boards together.
7. 10-BOARD RULE
To avoid as far as possible stress, distortion or gaps in the floor due to fluctuations in the climatic conditions in the building the boards must be laid according to the 10-board rule which indicates the width of 10 boards when laid. This must be checked continuously during installation.
This is a measurement across 10 boards and is based on the expected maximum relative humidity of the building when in use. E.g. an expected relative humidity of max. 65% RH will normally require a 10-board measurement of approx. 1293 mm.
For ship’s decking with neoprene always use a 10-board measurement of 1298-9 mm which slightly compresses the neoprene strip during installation.
In case of doubt please contact Junckers Technical Service
The boards are secret nailed at a 45° angle with one nail in each board, into each batten/joist.
Use Junckers J-Nails, 2.5 x 65 mm type-T machine nails or 2.8 x 65 mm wire nails. To ensure that the nail has the necessary shearing strength, it is important to adhere to Junckers’ above mentioned requirements for machine nails.
Do not nail any closer than 50 mm from a board- or stave end.
Alternatively, 4.2 x 45 mm screws (UK: 45 x no. 4 screws) can be used after predrilling using a 3.5-4.0 mm drill.
Nailing in full square timber such as 100 x 100 mm must be in the outermost third of the joist, so that wire nails do not make contact with any shrinkage cracks in the middle of the joist.
Around pipes, drill a hole in the board to accommodate the pipe. The space around the pipe must be the same as the expansion gap at the wall.
A tapered wedge is cut out, so that it can be glued in place. This gap is covered using a radiator pipe cover.
At door frames and architrave’s, cut the base of the frame and architrave to allow the floor to fit underneath.
At the threshold the expansion gap can be covered by a threshold strip or, if levels reduce, fit a ramp.
10. LAYING ON EXISTING WOODEN FLOORS
Alternatively the boards can be nailed to a subfloor such as plywood, existing floorboards etc. (caution with chipboard) The subfloor must be sufficiently rigid, flat, level and dry.
To avoid creaking, fasten the wooden subfloor securely and use floor felt, 500 g/m2, as an intermediate layer.
Preferably nailing must be done in a line across existing battens/joists. Alternatively nail centres maximum 450 mm. Do not nail any closer than 50 mm from a board- or stave end.
See also instructions in section 6, 7 and 8.